Many online businesses rely on cybersecurity and ethical hacking to protect themselves from cyber-attacks. Cybersecurity and ethical hacking have the same goal of increasing the security of a company, but they are not the same. While cyber security is a broad domain, ethical hacking is a subset of it. Any firm investing in a security architecture must understand each of these concepts. This article will help you understand the differences between ethical hacking and cybersecurity.

All ethical hackers are cyber security experts, but all cybersecurity experts are not ethical hacking experts, as it is a broad term that includes techniques of security.

What is Cybersecurity?

Let’s understand cybersecurity first before discussing the difference between it and ethical hacking. Cybersecurity is the method or process for defending against damage, hostile attacks, and unauthorised access to networks, computers, and data. It is a set of skills and tools that shields it’s users from attacks on their information, tools, or software.

What is Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking is a part of cyber security which is the process of assessing the system for all potential security holes and repairing any flaws before a harmful assault takes place. Hacking is forbidden, however ethical hacking is the legal method of getting around system protections to find any potential data threats. The goal of ethical hacking is to identify the systems’ vulnerabilities so that hostile hackers can’t take advantage of them.
Ethical hackers also known as “white hat” hackers solely seek to safeguard their own systems and do not harm anyone through their actions.


Cyber Security:

Cybersecurity is the process of defending sensitive data on the Internet and on devices against attack, deletion, or illegal access. Information, systems, and devices can be safeguarded against invasions in a risk-free and secure environment provided by cyber security.

Ethical Hacking:

By correcting vulnerabilities found during testing, ethical hacking seeks to increase system or network security. To strengthen system security and ward off hostile user attacks, ethical hackers employ the same tactics and tools as cyber attackers—but only with the authorised user’s permission.


  • Improve the security system
  • Maintain the security system by keeping it updated regularly
  • Work with IT teams to protect the integrity of a business’s network and data
  • Analyses the security system and provide suggestions to the organisation


  • Evaluate the performance of the system
  • Test the security system
  • Suggest solutions to enhance the security system
  • Inform the organization about any malicious attack
  • Find weaknesses in the security system
  • Use appropriate techniques of hacking
  • Generate reports after finding vulnerabilities in the security system


Cyber Security:

Critical infrastructure cyber security, Network security, Cloud security, IoT (Internet of Things) security, and Application security. 
These techniques help to effectively secure systems, networks, and other devices.

Ethical Hacking:

Phishing, Sniffing, Social Engineering, Injection of SQL data, Hijacking, Foot printing, Enumeration, and Cryptography.
These hacking techniques help moral hackers defend networks and systems more securely. When a skilled hacker uses these techniques to protect systems, they are more effective since they are more dependable and use the most recent improvements to protect systems and networks.


Cyber Security:

The steps in the cyber security procedures are listed below. Each stage is just as important as the next, and having a clear roadmap makes it easier for cyber security analysts to fulfil their duties.

These steps are: 

  • Determine the Assets 
  • Secure the Assets 
  • System Monitoring 
  • Resolve Incidents 
  • Recovery

Ethical Hacking:

To find every vulnerability and take full advantage of it, ethical hackers must put in a lot of effort and knowledge. The goal of this simulated attack is to find any weak points inside the organisation and work to improve them. The stages of ethical hacking processes are as follows: 

  • Reconnaissance 
  • Scanning 
  • Acquiring Access 
  • Maintaining Access  
  • Wrapping of Traces 

If you want to read more about the Cyber Security and its importance, click here.

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